Solanum neocardenasii

Description

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Solanum neocardenasii distribution Map note

Solanum neocardenasii is a dryland species from eastern Bolivia.  Plants roughly six inches to a foot tall.  Stolons about a foot long, although often less than that in my experience.  Tubers small, less than an inch, round to ovoid.  Flowers white.  Berries round, about half an inch in diameter.  The specific epithet, neocardenasii, honors Bolivian botanist Martin Cardenas.  The prefix neo- is added because the name S. cardenasii had previously been used for some members of what is now S. tuberosum group Andigenum.

S. neocardenasii and its close relative S. stipuloideum appear to be the closest South American relatives to the North American wild potato species (Spooner 2018).

This species has both type A and B glandular trichomes which provide resistance to aphids by entrapment, similar to S. berthaultii (Lapointe 1986).

Subramanian (2017) found that at least some accessions of this species have unusually low dry matter content.

This species has been tentatively classified as critically endangered on the IUCN Red List (Cadima 2014).

Resistances

Condition Type Level of Resistance Source
Alfalfa Mosaic Virus (AMV) Virus Resistant Horvath 1989
Globodera pallida (Pale Cyst Nematode) Invertebrate Resistant Castelli 2003
Globodera rostochiensis (Potato Cyst/Golden Nematode) Invertebrate Resistant Castelli 2003
Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado Potato Beetle) Invertebrate Resistant Dimock 1986
Myzus persicae (Green Peach Aphid) Invertebrate Resistant Lapointe 1986
Phytophthora infestans (Late Blight) Fungus Not resistant Bachmann-Pfabe 2019
Phytophthora infestans (Late Blight) Fungus Some resistance Karki 2020
Potato Virus Y (PVY) Virus Resistant Horvath 1989

Glykoalkaloid content

I have found no published measurements of glycoalkaloids in this species.  The tubers that I have tasted were mildly sour, easily detectable just by licking the skin.  I have found that a sour flavor is prevalent in other species where the primary glycoalkaloid is known to be tomatine, so that may be the case here as well.

Images

Tubers of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii tubers
Aerial plant of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii plant
Berries of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii berries
Aerial plant of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii plant
Aerial plant of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii plant
Aerial plant of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii plant
Aerial plant of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii plant
Aerial plant of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii plant
Aerial plant of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii plant
Aerial plant of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii plant
Aerial plant of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii plant
Aerial plant of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii plant
Flower buds of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii flower buds
Flower of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii flower
Flower of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii flower
Berries of the wild potato species Solanum neocardenasii
Solanum neocardenasii berries

Cultivation

I have found this species very difficult to germinate.  In addition, the seedlings are slow growing and vulnerable to pests.  Overall, this is one of the most challenging species to get started.

I was surprised to discover that this species appears to be day neutral.  It senesced naturally here in September after four months of growth, having produced both berries and tubers.

Accessions Evaluated

The following accessions were examined to prepare this profile.  I have evaluated 2/2 accessions currently available from the US potato genebank.

PI 498129

After three attempts, I had no success with this accession and gave up.  Just recently, I noticed a single seedling growing in the pot that had been abandoned on an outdoor shelf.

PI 502642

On the first attempt, nothing; for the second attempt, I got low germination.  The seedlings germinated over several months and only in outdoor conditions.  Give this accession plenty of time to germinate.

Breeding

Crosses with S. tuberosum

Female Male Berry Set Seed Set Germination Ploidy Source
S. tuberosum S. neocardenasii Low None     Jackson 1999
S. neocardenasii S. tuberosum None None     Jackson 1999

Crosses with other species

Female Male Berry Set Seed Set Germination Ploidy Source
             
             

References

Solanum neocardenasii at Solanaceae Source

Solanum neocardenasii at GRIN Taxonomy

Solanum neocardenasii at CIP

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