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Solanum boliviense

Common Name(s)Hampatu papa, Qquita papa
Solanum boliviense plant
Solanum boliviense plant
 
Codeblv
SynonymsS. alticola,  S. astleyi, S. megistacrolobum, S. sanctae-rosae, S. toralapanum, S. ureyi
Clade4
SeriesMegistacroloba
PloidyDiploid (2x)
EBN2
Tuberization PhotoperiodShort day
Self-compatibleNo
Genome
AA
Cytoplasm TypeW, W2 (Hosaka 2009)
Citation
Dunal: A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1):43. 1852

Description

Solanum boliviense distribution map
Solanum boliviense distribution map

Solanum boliviense (boliviense should be self-explanatory) is primarily a Bolivian species, but is found from southern Peru to northern Argentina.  A plant of poor soils, growing up to about the 13,750 foot elevation, where frosts occur fairly frequently.  Plants variable in form, from low growing rosettes to erect plants reaching about 15 inches in height.  Stolons two feet long or more.  Tubers small and round, reaching about an inch in diameter, and sometimes moniliform (forming chains).  Flowers blue to purple.

Resistances

This species can survive frosts down to 22 degrees F (-5.5 C) (Li 1977, as S. sanctae-rosae).  Vega (1995) found that this species is more frost tolerant than domesticated potato.

ConditionTypeLevel of ResistanceSource
AphidsInvertebrateSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015 (as S. megistacrolobum)
Colorado Potato BeetleInvertebrateSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015 (as S. megistacrolobum)
DroughtAbioticSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015 (as S. megistacrolobum)
FrostAbioticResistantMachida-Hirano 2015 (as S. megistacrolobum)
HeatAbioticSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015 (as S. megistacrolobum)
Potato Cyst NematodeInvertebrateSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015
Potato Leaf Roll VirusVirusSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015 (as S. megistacrolobum)
Potato Virus XVirusResistantHorvath 1989 (as S. astleyi)
Root Knot NematodeInvertebrateSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015
Soft Rot / BlacklegBacteriumSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015 (as S. megistacrolobum)
WartFungusSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015 (as S. megistacrolobum)

Glykoalkaloid content

Johns (1986b) found glycoalkaloid levels ranging from 1.2 to 26 mg /100 g for S. boliviense (including S. sanctae-rosae).  The primary glycoalkaloids was tomatine, but demmisine and commersonine were also present in some accessions.

Images

Solanum boliviense plant
Solanum boliviense plant
Solanum boliviense flower
Solanum boliviense flower
Solanum boliviense plant
Solanum boliviense plant
Solanum boliviense flower
Solanum boliviense flower
Solanum boliviense flower
Solanum boliviense flower
Solanum boliviense flower
Solanum boliviense flower
Solanum boliviense flower
Solanum boliviense flower
Solanum boliviense leaf underside
Solanum boliviense leaf underside
Solanum boliviense plant
Solanum boliviense plant
Solanum boliviense flower
Solanum boliviense flower
Solanum boliviense plant
Solanum boliviense plant
Solanum boliviense plant
Solanum boliviense plant
 
Berries of the wild potato species Solanum boliviense
Solanum boliviense berries
 
 
 

Cultivation

I have found seeds of this species easy to germinate using the standard conditions for S. tuberosum, although sometimes slow.

Bamberg (2018) found that alternating temperatures increased germination in this species.

Bamberg (1995) found that at least some accessions of S. boliviense are able to produce a significant amount of viable pollen even when temperatures exceed 100 degrees F for several hours during the day.  Flowering was reduced under these conditions.

Bamberg (2017) found a 110% increase in seed set in this species with supplemental applications of liquid fertilizer at four and seven weeks after potting.

Breeding

Crosses with S. tuberosum

FemaleMaleBerry Set
Seed SetGermPloidySource
S. boliviense (including S. astleyi, S. megistacrolobum, S. sanctae-rosae, and S. toralapanum)S. tuberosum 4xNoneNone  Jackson (1999)
S. tuberosum 2xS. bolivienseLowLow DiploidS. ajanhuiri
S. tuberosum 4xS. boliviense (including S. astleyi, S. megistacrolobum, S. sanctae-rosae, and S. toralapanum)MinimalMinimal  Jackson (1999)

Crosses with other species

Jackson (1999) found 4-16% 2n pollen for varieties of this species.  Ochoa (1990) reported 5% 2n pollen for two accessions.

FemaleMaleBerry Set
Seed SetGermPloidySource
S. bolivienseS. acauleHighModerate  Ochoa (1990)
S. bolivienseS. berthaultii (as S. tarijense)HighHigh  Ochoa (1990)
S. bolivienseS. brevicaule (as S. alandiae, S. vidaurrei)HighHigh  Ochoa (1990) 
S. bolivienseS. candolleanum (as S. abancayense)HighHigh  Ochoa (1990)
S. bolivienseS. candolleanum (as S. bukasovii)LowLow  Ochoa (1990)
S. bolivienseS. infundibuliformeHighHigh  Ochoa (1990)
S. brevicauleS. bolivienseHighHigh  Ochoa (1990)
S. candolleanumS. bolivienseHighHigh  Ochoa (1990)
S. candolleanum (as S. coelestipetalum)S. bolivienseNoneNone  Ochoa (1990)
S. candolleanum (as S. sparsipilum)S. bolivienseLowLow  Ochoa (1990)

References

Solanum boliviense at Solanaceae Source

Solanum boliviense at GRIN Taxonomy

Solanum boliviense at CIP

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