Return to Wild Potato IndexPurchase seeds or tubers of Solanum kurtzianum

Solanum kurtzianum

Common Name(s) A black and white photo of a tray of Solanum brevicaule tubers. They are about 1 to 2 inches long, oval, and similar in form to baking potatoes.
Codektz
SynonymsS. improvidum, S. macolae, S. ruiz-lealii, S. velascanum
Clade4
SeriesTuberosa
PloidyDiploid (2x)
EBN2
Tuberization Photoperiod
Short day
Self-compatibleNo
Genome
AA
Cytoplasm Type 
Citation
Bitter & Wittmack: Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 50, Beibl. 548. 1914. 

Description

Solanum kurtzianum distribution map
Solanum kurtzianum distribution map

Solanum kurtzianum (kurtzianum, in honor of German botanist Fritz Kurtz) is a wild potato species from Argentina.

Resistances

This species can survive frosts down to 26 degrees F (-3.5 C) (Li 1977).  Vega (1995) found that this species is less frost tolerant than domesticated potato.

ConditionTypeLevel of ResistanceSource
Colorado Potato BeetleInvertebrateSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015
DroughtAbioticSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015
FrostAbioticSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015
HeatAbioticSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015
Potato Cyst NematodeInvertebrateSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015
Potato Leaf Roll VirusVirusSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015
Potato Virus YVirusSomewhat resistantChung 2011
Root Knot NematodeInvertebrateSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015
Soft Rot / BlacklegBacteriumSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015
WartFungusSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015

Glykoalkaloid content

No information.

Images

    
    
    

Cultivation

I have found this species difficult to germinate.  It might require conditions different than the standard for S. tuberosum.

Bamberg (1995) found that at least some accessions of S. kurtzianum are able to produce a significant amount of viable pollen even when temperatures exceed 100 degrees F for several hours during the day.  Flowering was reduced under these conditions.

Breeding

Jackson (1999) found 6% 2n pollen from varieties of this species.

Crosses with S. tuberosum

FemaleMaleBerry Set
Seed SetGermPloidySource
S. kurtzianumS. tuberosumNoneNone  Jackson (1999)
S. tuberosumS. kurtzianumNoneNone  Jackson (1999)

Crosses with other species

FemaleMaleBerry Set
Seed SetGermPloidySource
       

References

Solanum kurtzianum at Solanaceae Source

Solanum kurtzianum at GRIN Taxonomy

Solanum kurtzianum at CIP

 

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