Solanum x sambucinum

Description

blankSolanum x sambucinum is a nothospecies (a naturally occurring hybrid) from Michoacan, Mexico. Thought to be a cross of S. ehrenbergii and S. pinnatisectum. Plants roughly one to two feet tall. White flowers. Round berries.  White tubers reaching about 2 inches in diameter on stolons from about 2 to 16 inches in length.

Jarvis (2008) predicts that this species will lose 95% of its present range by 2055 due to climate change, most likely entailing a critical loss of genetic diversity.

Hale (2008) found that S. x sambucinum had high antioxidant activity.

Resistances

Condition Level of Resistance Source
     

Glykoalkaloid content

I have found no information about the glycoalkaloid content of this species, but the tubers are mildly bitter, so they are probably on the high side.

Images

Aerial plant of the wild potato species Solanum x sambucinum
Solanum x sambucinum plant
Aerial plant of the wild potato species Solanum x sambucinum
Solanum x sambucinum plant
Flower of the wild potato species Solanum x sambucinum
Solanum x sambucinum flower
Flower of the wild potato species Solanum x sambucinum
Solanum x sambucinum flower
Berries of the wild potato species Solanum x sambucinum
Solanum x sambucinum berries
Tubers of the wild potato species Solanum x sambucinum
Solanum x sambucinum tubers
   
       

Cultivation

Cultivation is essentially the same as for other North American diploid species.  Plants reached senescence here in about 18 weeks.  Yield per plant was 13 ounces.

Accessions Evaluated

The following accessions were examined to prepare this profile.  I have evaluated 1/1 accessions currently available from the US potato genebank.

PI 595478

Collected in Querétaro Mexico in 1993.  This is the only accession currently held by the US potato genebank, so there is no possibility of seed production, although it does seem to cross pretty easily with other 1EBN diploids.

Breeding

Crosses with S. tuberosum

Female Male Berry Set
Seed Set Ploidy Germ Source
             

Crosses with other species

Matsubayashi (1977) examined chromosome pairing in hybrids and determined that S. x sambucinum and S. jamesii were highly compatible and likely closely related.

Female Male Berry Set
Seed Set Ploidy Germ Source
S. x sambucinum S. bulbocastanum Yes Yes 2x   Matsubayashi 1977
S. x sambucinum S. jamesii Yes Yes 2x   Matsubayashi 1977

References

Solanum x sambucinum at Solanaceae Source

Solanum x sambucinum at GRIN Taxonomy

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