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Solanum polyadenium

Common Name(s) 
Solanum polyadenium plant
Solanum polyadenium plant
Codepld
Synonyms 
Clade1
SeriesPolyadenia
PloidyDiploid (2x)
EBN2
Self-compatibleYes
Genome
BB
Cytoplasm TypeW (Hosaka 2014)

Description

Solanum polyadenium (polyadenium means “many glands,” referring to the glandular hairs of this species) is a widespread, woodland species in central Mexico.  Plants range from about a foot to 4.5 feet tall.  Leaves are densely covered in glandular hairs.  White flowers.  Round fruits.  Tubers narrow and sometimes coiling but can grow more than a foot long, the largest of any wild species according to Correll (1962).

Growing at 6,200 to 9,500 feet (1900 to 2900 m) on limestone and volcanic soils (Correll 1962).

Resistances

This species can survive frosts down to 26 degrees F (-3.5 C) (Li 1977).  Vega (1995) found that this species is less frost tolerant than domesticated potato.

Pelletier (1999) found that Colorado potato beetles have increased adult and larval mortality and low egg production on this species.

ConditionLevel of ResistanceSource
Late BlightSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015
WartSomewhat resistant Machida-Hirano 2015
Bacterial WiltSomewhat resistant Machida-Hirano 2015
Potato Leaf Roll VirusSomewhat resistant Machida-Hirano 2015
Colorado Potato BeetleSomewhat resistant Machida-Hirano 2015, Pelletier 1999
AphidsSomewhat resistant Machida-Hirano 2015
AphidsResistantAlvarez 2006
Potato Cyst NematodeSomewhat resistant Machida-Hirano 2015
Root Knot NematodeSomewhat resistant Machida-Hirano 2015
FrostSomewhat resistant Machida-Hirano 2015
HeatSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015
DroughtSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015

Glykoalkaloid content

Images

Solanum polyadenium plant
Solanum polyadenium plant
   
    
    

Cultivation

I have found this species difficult to germinate using the standard conditions for S. tuberosum.  The USDA potato genebank has observed that some accessions of this species are dependent upon GA3 for germination (Bamberg 1999).

Breeding

Crosses with S. tuberosum

Watanabe (1991) found that 6.2% of varieties of this species produced 2n pollen, which would be effectively tetraploid and 4EBN.

FemaleMaleBerry Set
Seed SetPloidyGermSource
S. tuberosumS. polyadeniumMinimalNone  Jackson (1999)
S. polyadeniumS. tuberosumNoneNone  Jackson (1999)
S. pinnatisectumS. polyadeniumYesYes  Swaminathan (1955)
S. polyadeniumS. jamesii
YesYesYes Graham (1961)

Crosses with other species

Jackson (1999) found 1-2% 2n pollen for varieties of this species.

FemaleMaleBerry Set
Seed SetPloidyGermSource
       

References

Solanum polyadenium at Solanaceae Source

Solanum polyadenium at GRIN Taxonomy

 

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