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Solanum colombianum

Common Name(s)Papa de duende, papa de indio, papa de vieja (Correll 1962)A black and white photo of a tray of Solanum brevicaule tubers. They are about 1 to 2 inches long, oval, and similar in form to baking potatoes.
Codecol
SynonymsS. cacetanum, S. calacalinum, S. cuatrecasasii, S. filamentum, S. jaenense, S. moscopanum, S. nemorosum, S. orocense, S. otites, S. pamplonense, S. paramoense, S. subpanduratum, S. sucubunense, S. tundalomense
Clade3+4
SeriesConicibaccata
PloidyDiploid (2x), tetraploid (4x), hexaploid (6x)
EBN2
Tuberization PhotoperiodUnknown
Self-compatibleYes (Lester 1991)
Genotype
Unknown (AP?)
Cytoplasm TypeM (Hosaka 2014)
Citation
Dunal: A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1):33. 1852

Description

Solanum colombianum distribution Map note

Solanum colombianum (colombianum should be self explanatory) is a woodland species ranging from southern Ecuador through Colombia and into Venezuela.  Plants up to two feet tall.  Stolons to about 16 inches.  Tubers white, ovoid, to about an inch.  Flowers white to light blue.  Berries conical.  Grows from roughly 7,200 to 12,500 feet (2200 to 3800 m) (Correll 1962).

Resistances

Vega (1995) found that this species is less frost tolerant than domesticated potato.

ConditionTypeLevel of ResistanceSource
FrostAbioticSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015 (as S. moscopanum)
Late BlightFungusSomewhat resistantMachida-Hirano 2015

Glykoalkaloid content

No information.

Images

    
    
    

Cultivation

I have have found this species difficult to germinate and have been unsuccessful in getting the small number of seedlings produced to maturity.

Breeding

Watanabe (1991) found that 4.2% of varieties of this species produced 2n pollen.

Crosses with S. tuberosum

FemaleMaleBerry Set
Seed SetGermPloidySource
S. colombianum 4xS. tuberosum 4xNoneNone  Jackson (1999)
S. colombianum 4x (as S. tundalomense)S. tuberosum 4xLowModerate  Jackson (1999)
S. colombianum 6x (as S. moscopanum)S. tuberosum 4xModerateModerate  Jackson (1999)
S. tuberosum 4xS. colombianum 4x (as S. tundalomense)MinimalNone  Jackson (1999)
S. tuberosum 4xS. colombianum 6x (as S. moscopanum)NoneNone  Jackson (1999)

Crosses with other species

FemaleMaleBerry Set
Seed SetGermPloidySource
S. chomatophilumS. colombianum (as S. jaenense)YesVery low  Ochoa 2004
S. colombianum (as S. jaenense)S. chomatophilumYesNo  Ochoa 2004

References

Solanum colombianum at Solanaceae Source

Solanum colombianum at GRIN Taxonomy

Solanum colombianum at CIP

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